Wednesday, February 24, 2010

MY FIRST AWARDED HINDI POEM IN THE SCHOOL

MORNING PRAYERS IN THE SCHOOL
SWAMI VIVEKANAND
MY POEM AS PRINTED IN THE SCHOOL MAGAZINE 'SHRADHDHA'
When I was studying in class IX in राम  कृष्ण  मिशन हायर सेकंडरी स्कूल , कानपुर  ,a 'स्व-रचित काव्य प्रतियोगिता ' was organised by हिंदी  साहित्य  परिषद्  of the school.I used to write poems, when internally inspired by some situation.This time I wrote a poem and showed it to my Hindi teacher.He suggested some changes and then accepted it for competition.
In the Annual Function of the School,when my name was announced as First Prize winner in 'self created poetry competition', I was overwhelmed with joy.Today after 48 years, I wish to share those moments again with all of you, by reproducing that page of school's Annual Magazine 'श्रद्धा ', on which that poem was printed.
Next year I again grabbed the First Prize in the same competition.The title of the poem was :'मानव  मानवता  क्यों  छोड़े '.
Dr.R.C.Mishra

Friday, February 19, 2010

'RITU SAMHAAR' OF KALIDAS AS A RAAGMAALIKA IN FILM: KAVI KAALIDAS(1959)




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In India 12 months of the year are divided in six seasons( 6- ऋतुएं );Greeshma, Varsha,Sharad, Hemant ,Shishir and Basant.Their duration according to English Calendar is as follows:शिशिर (22 DEC.-- 19 FEB.),बसंत (20FEB.---21 APR.),ग्रीष्म ( 22 APR.---21JUN.),वर्षा (22 JUNE---21AUG.),शरद ( 22 AUG.---21 OCT.),हेमंत (22 OCT.---21 DEC.).The great Sanskrit poet कालिदास described these six seasons in his famous work 'ऋतु संहार '.On his life a Hindi Film कवि कालिदास was produced in the year 1959. श्री नाथ त्रिपाठी created Music for this film.Film shows the poet कालिदास narrating his verses of 'ऋतु संहार ' before a gathering of cotemporary Sanskrit scholars in काशी .In the available print of the movie description of only three seasons: ग्रीष्म ,वर्षा and शरद is present.I am giving the हिंदी version of 'Ritu Samhar' done by poet भरत व्यास for the film.कालिदास starts singing
" नए नए रंगों से लिखती धरती नयी कहानी ||
 तन मन को पल भर में बदल दें ऋतुएं बड़ी सुहानी ||
 ये ऋतुएं बड़ी सुहानी ||
  ग्रीष्म ऋतु is described as:
ग्रीष्म महीने में कामिनियाँ धूप लगे कुम्हलाय |
 इस ऋतु में वो अगर चन्दन का, अंग में लेप लगाए ||
 सूख गया है सरोवर का जल, सूख गयी सरिताएं || 
 सूख गए हैं पीपल के दल, मुरझाई हैं लताएँ || 
 जाने कहाँ घबरा के छुपी हैं, चंचल आज हवाएं || 
 ऊंघ रहे डालों पर पंछी ,पंखों में चोंच छुपाये || 
 अंग अंग में आलस छाया,अँखियाँ हैं अकुलानी ||
 तन मन को पल भर में बदल दें,ऋतुएं बड़ी सुहानी ||
 ये ऋतुएं बड़ी सुहानी ||
वर्षा ऋतु is described as:
उमड़ घुमड़ घन गरजत आये ,बरखा ऋतु सुखदायी || 
दादुर  मोर पपीहा बोले,हरी हरी धरती की चुनरिया डोले,
बिरहन को दुखदायी ||
भीगी नार खड़ी रसवंती, रिमझिम बरसे पानी || 
पल भर में तन मन को बदल दे, ऋतुएं बड़ी सुहानी || 
ये ऋतुएं बड़ी सुहानी ||
He describes शरद ऋतु as:
शरद सुहावन ऋतु मन भावन,  मदन बदन में अगन लगावन || 
कुञ्ज कुञ्ज में, वन निकुंज में,भ्रमर गुंज गुंजार करे || 
लहरों के चंचल अंचल में, शरद चंद्रिका प्यार भरे ||
पिया की बाहों में कसी कामिनी, ,मन ही मन सकुचानी ||
तन मन को पल भर में बदल दें, ऋतुएं बड़ी सुहानी ||
ये ऋतुएं बड़ी सुहानी....||  video 
This रागमालिका is  beautifully sung by veteran playback singer मन्ना डे ,expressing the भाव hidden in the verses very correctly.Music director S.N.Tripathi has composed the introductory lines in Raga GAUD SAARANG the ग्रीष्म ऋतु वर्णन in राग KHAMMAJ   .The lyrics of वर्षा ऋतु are composed in राग MIYAN MALHAAR and DESH and शरद ऋतु वर्णन is composed in राग KEDAAR .This  रागमालिका  ends with the narration of वसंत  ऋतु  sung in राग  बसंत .
The poetry is:
ऋतुराज आज सज के सिंगार,गरवा में डार फूलन के हार|
चले झूम झूम छलकाते प्यार |ऋतुराज...||
मंद पवन मकरंद कली में बंद मधुर मधु पान करे |
कुहू कुहू कोकिल  पंचम सुर में कूके ,मधु रस का दान करे||
लहराए हिया प्रीतम से प्रिया, मिल मिल के जिया में मान करे ||
यौवन की उमंग तरंग लिए अंग अंग पे वो अभिमान करे ||
 ऋतुराज आज ...  
{Audio clip - श्री के. एल. पाण्डे जी  के सौजन्य से }. 


Tuesday, February 2, 2010

MUSIC LESSON IN RAGA BHAIRAVI IN FILM:RANI ROOPMATI(1959)

रानी  रूपमती  (1959)was a period film in the backdrop of मांडू  Estate.Its ruler बाज  बहादुर  was a music lover and due to music he was in platonic love with RANI ROOPMATI.Both sang together and created some classical ragas also.Film's director and music composer श्री नाथ त्रिपाठी  created a situation in which BAJ BAHADUR(played by भारत  भूषण )is learning music from his Ustad and presented a traditional भैरवी  khayal in जुगलबंदी .Singers were पंडित .कृष्ण  राव  चोनकर  and मोहम्मद  रफ़ी .The traditional lyrics are:"बाट  चलत  नयी  चुनरी  रंग  डारी  रे , कैसो  है  बेदर्दी  बनवारी .एसो  है  निडर  डरत  न  काहू  सो  लंगर  अपने  धींगा  धीन्गी  करत  है  डगर ,हे  मोरे  राम ,हे  मोरे  राम ,हे  मोरे  राम  .बाट  चलत  इतने  दिनन  में  मोसे  कबहूँ  न  अटक्यो ,नित  प्रति  जात  गलिन  में  सुबह  शाम  .आवत  फागुन  इतरात  जात ,हे  मोरे  राम ,हे  मोरे  राम ,हे  मोरे  राम .बाट  चलत  नयी चुनरी रंग डारी रे .....".This lovely Bhairavi bandish in jugalbandi progresses beautifully fom vilambit towards drut layakaari and taans and is an unforgettable composition. video

Monday, February 1, 2010

TEACHING 'TARANA' SINGING IN FILM:MAMTA(1966)

MUSIC DIRECTOR ROSHAN
SANDHYA MUKHERJEE
COVER OF FILM'S LP RECORD
videoThe central character of film ममता  was देवयानी ,played by famous actress of Bangla Films:सुचित्रा  सेन .Trapped in a chain of tragic situations,Devyani attempts for suicide,but a cotraveller aged lady(played by छाया  देवी )saves her and gives shelter in her home.Devyani accepts her profession of singing.In this context dance and singing lessons are given to her.A very enchanting piece of Tarana was cmposed by learned music director ROSHAN, for this situation in the film.संध्या  मुखर्जी   sang for SUCHITRA SEN and for CHHAYA DEVI some unknown singer has sung superbly.Tarana is an ornamental part of traditional Aalap and Khayal singing in Hidustani Classical Music.You will appreciate this composition definitely.

TEACHING 'AALAP' IN RAGA MALKAUNS IN FILM:BASANT BAHAAR(1956)

MANNA DEY
PT.BHIMSEN JOSHI
LP RECORD - COVER
videoMusic was the central theme of the film बसंत  बहार .The Chitradurg Estate Singer's son Malaiyya,when sings,he always twists the notes of every raga composition and distorts its correct form.His father sings for him to teach proper presentation of Aalap in राग  मालकौंस .The aalap in the film is sung by पंडित  भीमसेन  जोशी  with the traditional lyrics:"पग  लागन  दे  महाराज  के ...."for राज गायक  on the screen.मलैय्या  fails to adopt it,but Estate Astrologer's son Gopal(played by भारत  भूषण ) repeats the Aalap lesson correctly as it should be and gets appreciation for it .मन्ना  डे  gave playback for Bharat Bhushan in the film.It is a very rare piece of melody composed by Music Directors: शंकर -जयकिशन .