Sunday, February 6, 2011

ONE OF THE BEST KATHAK DANCES OF HINDI CINEMA. FILM :KOHINOOR(1960)

RAFI REHERSING WITH NAUSHAD
( video


SHAKEEL
This is one of the rarest and best कत्थक  dance and singing जुगलबंदी  ,ever presented on the screen of Hindi Cinema.The application of त्रिवट  and चतुरंग   style in singing has made it a unique composition in राग  हम्मीर.The selection of this raga was most suitable for this कत्थक  dance of बनारस  घराना .Singer Mohammad Rafi is at his best in classical singing and music director नौशाद  has also created it in राग  शुद्ध हम्मीर .The sitar was played by USTAD ABDUL HALEEM ZAFAR KHAN.Actor दिलीप  कुमार  learnt playing sitar for six months to give a correct action of fingers on sitar on the screen.The typical Taans before the Tarana singing by Rafi, picturised on Mukri ,were sung by vocalist Pt; KRISHNA RAO CHONKAR.
The dance direction was given by great exponent of Banaras Gharana of Kathak,SITARA DEVI,She is well known heroine of Forties  and Fifties era of Hindi cinema.I think Rafi is at his best in classical singinf of this song,which is as follows:
मधुबन में राधिका नाचे रे |
गिरधर की मुरलिया बाजे रे ||
पग में घुँघर बांध के,घुंघटा मुख पर ड़ाल के ||
नैनन में कजरा लगा के रे , मधुबन में राधिका नाचे रे ||
डोलत छम छम कामिनी चमकत जैसे दामिनी ||
चंचल प्यारी छवि लागे रे ,मधुबन में राधिका नाचे रे || 
मृदंग बाजे तिरिकित धूम तिरिकित धूम ता ता ,
नाचत थुम थुम तथई तथई ता ता ,थुम थुम तनाना थुम \
कडान धा कडान धा कडान धा , ध ध धा ,मधुबन में राधिका .....  
The dancer is KUMKUM who was playing the role of a dancer in the film.   

Thursday, February 3, 2011

ONE OF THE BEST DANCE COMPETITIONS IN HINDI FILM:KALPANA (1960)





video
This is one of the most beautiful music compositionsd in राग  ललित  ,ever created for a Hindi film.Its picturisation on a marvellous भरत  नाट्यम  dance competition, between Travancore Sisters:PADMINI AND RAGINI ,in Hindi film KALPANA,made it immortal on screen. Since dancers are praying to Lord SHIVA, music director O.P.NAYYAR has used कोमल  धैवत  in राग  ललित  ,to create the devotional mood of the song.The befitting lyrics were written by QAMAR JALALABADI (OM PRAKASH BHANDARI).The singers are MANNA DEY and MOHAMMAD RAFI, presenting one one of their best jugalbandi ,in raga lalit.
For dancer PADMINI vocal support is given by Manna Dey:
नमस्कार महादेव की नमस्कार नटराज |
काला पुजारिन आयी है इन चरणों में आज ||
Then Mohd.Rafi sings for dancer RAGINI :
नमस्कार भगवान को जिसने बनाई प्रीत |
एक देवता दो पुजारिने किसकी होगी जीत ?
After these introductory lines main song is sung in जुगलबंदी :
तू है मेरा प्रेम देवता ,इन चरणों की दासी हूँ मैं |
मन की प्यास बुझाने आयी ,अंतर घट तक प्यासी हूँ मैं ||
मैं गौरी तू कंत हमारा ,मैं गंगा तू मेरा किनारा |
अंग लगाओ प्यास बुझाओ ,नदिया होकर प्यासी हूँ मैं ||
मन की प्यास बुझाने आयी,अंतर घट तक प्यासी हूँ मैं ||
डम डम डम डम डमरू बाजे,मैं नाचूँ शंकर के आगे |
होके रहेगी जीत उसी की ,जिसकी कला से शंकर जागें ||
मन की प्यास बुझाने आयी ,अंतर घट तक प्यासी हूँ मैं ||
तू है मेरा प्रेम देवता ......
The overall combination of singing and dance is unique and superb.Once you enjoy it,you may never forget it.           

USTAD BADE GHULAM ALI KHAN SANG IN ONLY ONE HINDI FILM:MUGHAL-E-AZAM

A STILL FROM THE SONG "PREM JOGAN BAN KE.."


COVER OF A 3-LP SET OF SOUNDTRACK




SHAKEEL BADAYUNI


video
Ustad BADE GHULAM ALI KHAN Saheb contributed his singing of Patiala Gharana in one and only one Hindi film: MUGHAL-E-AZAM.He sang one ठुमरी  in राग  सोहिनी  and one composition in राग : रागेश्वरी  ,picturised on actor SURENDRA playing as TANSEN in the film.Though Khan Saheb was always reluctant towards singing for films, but due to very keen request of the film's music director NAUSHAD and producer-director K.ASIF ,the 'King of Thumris' agreed for it.Thus we got his two rare recordings for this grand film. 
The composition in raga Rageshwari is sung by Tansen in the film ,when we see the return of young prince Saleem, after many years of gap.The whole palace is in a rejoicing mood to celebrate this moment.The song is:
"शुभ दिन आयो राजदुलारो,   
  साहेब आलम जग उजियारो ।
  महाबली को नन्दन,
  जोधा को नैनन तारो ।।
  शुभ दिन आयो राजदुलारो,
video
  शुभ दिन आयो। ...."
The second composition is the famous thumri,composed in raga Sohini,picturized on prince Saleem and Anarkali, in the the most talked about sequence of the film,when they are together from midnight till early hours of the dawn.The lyrics of this Thumri are:
 "प्रेम जोगन बन के।
   जोगन प्रीतम ओर चली,
   प्रेम जोगन बन के ...।
   सुंदरी पिया ऒर चली,
   प्रेम जोगन बन के।
   साजन सो जो नैन मिले,
   तो मन की प्यास बुझी,
   प्रेम जोगन बन के ।
   पी संग सगरी रैन गुजारी,
   बैरन भोर भई,
   प्रेम जोगन बन के.....।" 
MUSIC DIRECTOR - NAUSHAD
USTAD BADE GHULAM ALI KHAN
Here is the audio clip of the complete song in raga Rageshwari, since in video clip it is shown partially as the scene required.

"MATHURA SHYAM CHALE.." IN HINDI FILM :SHOLA AUR SHABNAM(1959)



GEETA DUTT

MANNA DEY

KAUMUDI MUNSHI


This composition was presented in the form of a ballet on the stage.Music was composed by KHAYYAM, using four ragas.The singers are MANNA DEY, GEETA DUTT and KAUMUDI MUNSHI.
Khaiyyam
 This composition shows the departure of Krishna from Gokul to Mathura ,leaving behind Radha ,Gopikas and all his childhood friends forever.There is a hidden pathetic atmosphere in this song ,which begins with the souleful singing of मन्ना  डे:

"मथुरा श्याम चले ,मथुरा श्याम चले 
सावन घन सा उमड़ पड़ा ब्रज ,
मथुरा श्याम चले |
रथ से लिपटी ,पथ से लिपटी ,बावरिया ब्रजनारी ,
बोली राधा प्रेम अगाधा ,ना जाओ गिरधारी ,ना जाओ गिरधारी ,
मथुरा श्याम चले..||"

Now Geet Dutt sings for Radha:

"कैसे जाओगे कन्हाई ,कैसे जाओगे 
जाने नाही दूंगी ,पग धरुँगी,ना डरूँगी,
संवारे मैं तेरी राह में मरूंगी ,ना डरूँगी ,ना डरूँगी हो ,
कैसे जाओगे कन्हाई कैसे जाओगे|"

Radha comments on Krishna:

"तन के कारे रहे तुम कान्हा,
  मन के कारे बनो नहीं श्याम,
  तुम बिन होगा जीवन सूना,
  नरक बनेगा गोकुल धाम | 
  कैसे जाओगे कन्हाई कैसे जाओगे ...?"

There are some dialogues from Radha. And again from background Manna Dey sings:

मथुरा श्याम चले ,मथुरा श्याम चले ,
सावन घन सा उमड़ पड़ा ब्रज ,मथुरा श्याम चले ||

Now for the Bansuri (flute) of Krishna,singing has been done by Kaumudi Munshi as:

"बाजूँ राधे जो भगवान बजाये |
  वो ही बोली बोलू राधे,
  जो भगवान् बुलाये ||"

Then Radha says that,now I have come to know that we can get close to God by eliminating ourselves.
Then Krishna consoles Radha by saying that her name will always be taken before his name.And says to repeat with him:
राधे -कृष्ण ,
राधे -कृष्ण ,
राधे -कृष्ण ,
राधे -कृष्ण ||
This continues in Kirtan style reaching to its higher pitch.
This a unique creation of music director Khaiyyam,which is capable of drawing the whole episode before our eyes,whenever we listen to it.Evening time ragas Kafi and Bhimpalasi have been used to create the devotional atmosphere in the song.
The lyrics of this song were penned by Pt.Ram Murti Chaturvedi.