Sunday, January 29, 2012


Sangeet Samrat Tansen's name is the synonym of classical music.He was the most famous musician of sixteenth century and was one of the Navratnas of Mughal Emperor AKBAR.He had the composition of many new ragas to his credit,during his stay in Agra,the capitol city in those days.Ragas Miyan Ki Todi,Miyan Malhar,Miyan Ki Sarang, Miyan Ki Maand, Raageshwari, Bhairav and Darbari Kanhada are the creations of Tansen.He was honoured with the title of MIYAN in the darbar of Akbar,for his unparallel contribution in the field of music.

Tansen was born in a Brahmin family in Gwalior in 1506.His father Makarand Pandey was a poet and musician.He showed his talent  in music,in his childhood at the age of 5 yrs. and was sent to learn music  from the legendary musician of that time,Swami Haridas of Vrindavan .Tannu learnt higher skills and finesse of music from Swami Haridas Ji.When he became a perfectionist in music of 'Dhrupad' style then he became राज गायक in दरबार  of राजा  रामचंद्र of रीवा ,in मध्य  प्रदेश .He was there from 1555 to 1562.Then Akabar called him to Agra.There he worked and got honoured.The Sufi musician Muhammad  Ghaus of Gwalior was his mentor and later Tansen adopted Islam at the time of his marriage with Hussaini. He died in 1589 and is buried in the tomb of Muhammad Ghaus in Gwalior.                                                                                                                 In 1962 Hindi film संगीत सम्राट तानसेन , based on the life of Tansen ,was directed by Music Director S.N.TRIPATHI. Here we will see, how 'Tannu'(the childhood nam of Tansen ) acheived perfection in his learning of music from such a great Guru of classical music स्वामी हरिदास  of वृन्दावन .Actor Bharat Bhushan played the role of grown up Tansen.
The video clip from the film shows a chain of songs,each composed in different raagas and each sung by a different singer.Song "टूट गयी मेरे मन की ये वीणा टूट गयी .."is sung by Poorna Seth,song"मधुर मधुर संगीत सुनाओ ,गाओ रे... ,झनन झनन सुर बजे वीन के,तार तार संग करे रंगरलियाँ,गाओ रे गाओ रे ..."is sung by both, पंढरीनाथ कोल्हापुरे and पूर्णा सेठ .Then मन्ना  डे  sings Tansen's own composition in ध्रुपद style,composed in raga यमन कल्याण  (or अदभुत  कल्याण ) "सप्त सुरन तीन ग्राम उनंचास कोटि ताल,गुनी जन सब करत गान नाद ब्रह्म जागे।जीवन को गीत मान,सांस सांस जैसे तान ,हर धड़कन लय समान अर्पण प्रभु आगे ।।सप्त सुरन .....।।"    for Swami Haridas and grown up Tansen on the screen.Further मोहम्मद  रफ़ी   sings for Tansen a रागमाला .In the end , रफ़ी recites a dohaa : "गुरु गोविन्द दोनों खड़े किसके लागूं पायं।बलिहारी गुरु आपकी जिन गोविन्द दियो बताय।।"     

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